At Concord, New Hampshire
, on the same day, a mob demolished an academy, because colored boys were admitted as pupils.
At Canterbury, Connecticut
, Miss Prudence Crandall
having attempted, in 1833, to open a school for colored children, an act was passed by the Legislature forbidding any teaching within that State of colored youth from other States.
She persisted, and was imprisoned for it as a malefactor.
Having been liberated, she resumed her school; when it was broken up by mob-violence.
The riots whereof the foregoing are specimens were too numerous and wide-spread to be even glanced at severally.
They were, doubtless, multiplied and intensified by the presence in our country of George Thompson
, an eminent and ardent English Abolitionist, who — now that the triumph of Emancipation in the British West Indies
was secured — came over to aid the kindred struggle in this country.
That a Briton should presume to plead for Liberty in this free and enlightened country was not to be endured; and Mr. Thompson
's eloquence, fervor, and thoroughness, increased the hostility excited by his presence, which, of itself, was held an ample excuse for mobs.
Hie was finally induced to desist and return to England
, from a conviction that the prejudice aroused by his interference in what was esteemed a domestic difference overbalanced the good effect of his lectures.
The close of this year (1835) was signalized by the conversion of Gerrit Smith
— hitherto a leading and zealous Colonizationist — to the principles of the Abolitionists.
In Northfield, New Hampshire
, December 14, 1835, Rev. George Storrs
attempted to deliver an anti-Slavery lecture, but was dragged from his knees while at prayer, preliminary to his address, by a deputy sheriff, on the strength of a warrant issued by a justice, on a complaint charging him with being “a common rioter and brawler,” “an idle and disorderly person, going about the town and county disturbing the public peace.”
On trial, he was acquitted; but, on the 31st of March following, after having lectured at Pittsfield, New Hampshire
, he was again arrested while at prayer, on a writ issued by one who afterward became a Member of Congress, tried the same day, convicted, and sentenced to three months imprisonment in the House of Correction
He appealed, and that was probably the end of the matter.
, October 21, 1835, a large and most respectable mob, composed in good part of merchants, assailed a meeting of the Female Anti
-Slavery Society, while its President
was at prayer, and dispersed it. William Lloyd Garrison
, having escaped, was found concealed in a cabinet-marker's shop, seized and dragged through the streets with a rope around his body, threatened with tar and feathers, but finally conducted to the Mayor
, who lodged him in jail till the next day, to protect him from further violence.
At the earnest request of the authorities, he left town for a time.
At Utica, New York
, the same day, a meeting, convened to form a State Anti-Slavery Society, was broken up by a most respectable Committee, appointed by a large meeting of citizens.
The office of a Democratic journal that had spoken kindly