At length, the Senate, on motion of Mr. Douglas
, voted-Yeas 25; Nays 11-to postpone the consideration of this, in favor of the House
proposition of amendment, already referred to, and which had passed that body; providing
that no amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize or give to Congress the power to interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, etc.
This proposed amendment was finally concurred in by the Senate: Yeas 24; Nays 12: as follows:
Yeas--Messrs. Anthony, Baker, Bigler, Bright, Crittenden, Dixon, Douglas, Foster, Grimes, Gwin, Harlan, Hunter, Johnson, of Tennessee, Kennedy, Latham, Mason, Morrill, Nicholson, Polk, Pugh, Rice, Sebastian, Ten Eyck, and Thomson-24.
Nays--Messrs. Bingham, Chandler, Clark, Doolittle, Durkee, Foot, King, Sumner, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, and Wilson--12.
And then the Senate returned to the consideration of the Crittenden proposition, for which Mr. Clark
's proposition, already given,1
was again offered as a substitute, and voted down: Yeas 14; Nays 22.
Finally, Mr. Crittenden
moved that the Peace Conference proposition be substituted for his own original project of conciliation; which the Senate refused, by the following vote:
Yeas--Messrs. Crittenden, Douglas, Harlan, Johnson, of Tennessee, Kennedy, Morrill, and Thomson-7.
Nays--Messrs. Bayard, Bigler, Bingham, Bright, Chandler, Clark, Dixon, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Gwin, Hunter, Lane, Latham, Mason, Nicholson, Polk, Pugh, Rice, Sebastian, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wigfall, Wilkinson, and Wilson--28.
So the Senate, by four to one, disposed of the scheme of the Peace Commissioners
, and proceeded to vote, directly thereafter, on Mr. Crittenden
's original proposition, which was defeated-Yeas 19, Nays 20-as has been stated.
The proceedings of the Peace Conference were likewise presented to the House
but not acted upon in that body — the report of the Committee
of Thirty-three being held entitled to preference.
Thus ended in failure the more or less earnest efforts to avert the gathering storm of war by some project of “Compromise” or “ Conciliation,” to be enacted by Congress preliminary to its being ingrafted on the Constitution
And, as it has been very widely asserted and believed that the Republicans evinced an unbending disposition, stubbornly refusing to make any concession, any sacrifice, for the preservation of peace and National integrity, it may be well to consider what they actually did and proffered.
The foregoing pages show that
I. They were at all times willing, and more than willing, to unite in the call of a Convention of the States, which would have inherent power to deal thoroughly with all the questions whereon the differences termed “sectional” had arisen, and wherein their opponents were morally certain to have a large majority of votes.
at an early day, Gov. Morgan
, the Republicans in the Peace Conference, etc., etc., had indicated their concurrence in the call of a Convention.
But this resort, though originally suggested by the Legislature of Kentucky, was voted down in the Peace Conference by the aid of all the Slave States
The Republicans likewise