season: but, being called upon by the Indian Bureau for the coupons, payable January 1st, on the abstracted securities, he found himself unable to respond, and was driven to a confession.
The Government being at that moment penniless, the revenue shrunk to less than half its ordinary dimensions by the stoppage of importations, and the necessity for borrowing urgent, this development, casting doubt on the integrity of men high in authority, gave a staggering blow to the public credit.
The Grand Jury at Washington
Floyd on two counts: first, for malfeasance; second, for conspiracy with Bailey
to defraud the Government
; but he was by this time far from that city, absorbed in the work of luring Virginia
into the toils of treason.
The disintegration of the Cabinet
had commenced so early as December 10th, when Mr. Howell Cobb
, thoroughly in the counsels of the secessionists, resigned the control of the Treasury, whereof the bankrupt and hopeless condition supplied him with an excuse, though not the reason, for his retirement.
Mr. Philip Francis Thomas
, of Md.
, previously Commissioner of Patents
, was appointed in his stead.
Gen. Lewis Cass
resigned the post of Secretary of State
on the 14th, directly after a long and exciting Cabinet session.
He did so because he could not consent to render himself responsible for, or be implicated in, the President
's refusal to reinforce, provision, and sustain Maj. Anderson
and his little force, holding the forts in Charleston harbor
He did not rush into the newspapers; yet he made no secret of his conviction that the course on which the President
had decided was a fatally mistaken one, and led directly to National subversion and ruin.
--a lifelong and intimate personal friend of the President-took charge, by his direction, of the State Department.
Messrs. R. W. Barnwell
, James L. Orr
, and ex-Gov. Adams
, Commissioners from the State of South Carolina
, reached Washington
on the 26th, under instructions to negotiate with the Federal Executive
a partition of all the properties and interests of the sovereign and independent State of South Carolina
in the Union
from which she had seceded.
Every one of them knew perfectly that the President
had no more constitutional power or right to enter upon such a negotiation than he had to cede the country bodily to Russia
, or Great Britain
They were, of course, received civilly, and treated respectfully, but informed that the President
could only regard and meet them as citizens of the United States
They left, on their return, nine days afterward; sending farewell letters to the President
, which are scarcely average samples of diplomatic suavity.
a large popular majority for Secession, her authorities immediately took military possession of the Federal
arsenal at Augusta
, as also of Forts Pulaski
, commanding the approaches by sea to Savannah
had not voted to secede, yet Gov. Ellis
simultaneously seized the U. S. Arsenal at Fayetteville
, with Fort Macon
, and other fortifications commanding the approaches to Beaufort