tidings were received of the Union
disaster at Bull Run
He left that city on the evening of that day (July 22d), and reached St. Louis
on the 25th.
The bad news had, of course, preceded him; and he found most of the Union
soldiers in his department just ready to be mustered out of service at the close of their three months enlistment — disaffected, because unpaid; while arms, money, and nearly everything else required by the public exigency, were wanting.
were temporarily stunned and almost paralyzed by their great and unexpected disaster near Washington
The energies of the Government
were absorbed in hurrying to the Potomac
every available regiment and battery from whatever quarter; while the Secessionists, exultant and sanguine, were preparing on all sides to push their advantage promptly and to the utmost.
Lieut. Gov. Reynolds
, in a proclamation to the people of Missouri
, dated New Madrid, July 31st, with good reason assured them, that “the sun which shone in its full, midday splendor at Manassas
, is about to rise upon Missouri
Every young slaveholder instinctively snatched his rifle, mounted his horse, and started for the nearest Rebel camp.
Each old one stayed at home, professed neutrality, if the Union
sentiment of his neighborhood were decidedly predominant, but sent his older sons to reenforce Jackson
Wherever, as in north-eastern Missouri
, and along the great lines of railroad, Rebel armies could not be maintained, there guerrilla bands were organized, to operate with vigor by night, hiding in the forests, or dispersing to their homes and pretending to be peaceful citizens, by day. The bolder traitors were ready and eager for open hostilities; the more cowardly would follow their leaders in a midnight raid on a peaceful Union settlement, or aid them in burning railroad bridges.
, though hitherto closed against Union soldiers, received without objection large bodies of Rebels from Tennessee
and below, and, from her thoroughly disloyal Western district, formidably threatened Cairo
's position and its difficulties are very forcibly depicted in the private letter which he addressed, five days after his arrival, to the President
, as follows: