State of this Confederacy with their slaves and other property; and the right of perty in said slaves shall not thereby be impaired.
No slave or other person held to service or labor in any State or territory of the Confederate States, under the laws thereof, escaping or lawfully carried into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such slave belongs, or to whom such service or labor may be due.
The Confederate States may acquire new territory * * * * in all such territory the institution of negro Slavery, as it now exists in the Confederate States, shall be recognized and protected by Congress and by the territorial government; and the inhabitants of the several Confederate States and territories shall have the right to take to such territory any slaves lawfully held by them in any of the States or territories of the Confederate States.
, of Mississippi
, was, by the Congress
, unanimously elected President
, and Alexander H. Stephens
, of Georgia
, of the Confederacy
for the current year; and they, too, were reelected, without dissent, for a full term of six years, by a popular vote in the ensuing Autumn.
on the 17th by a special train from Jackson
, his progress being one continual ovation.
He made twenty-five speeches1
on the route to enthusiastic crowds, and was welcomed on his arrival at Montgomery
by a vast concourse.
He was inaugurated next day with most imposing ceremonies.
's Inaugural was a temper and carefully studied document.
Assuming the right of Secession as inherent in “the sovereign States losing this Confederacy,” to be exercised whenever, in their judgment, the compact by which they acceded to the Union
“has been perverted from the purposes for which it was ordained, and ceased to answer the ends for which it was established,” and that its exercise “merely asserted the right which the Declaration of Independence
of 1776 defined to be inalienable,” he avers of their recent action that “it is, by the abuse of language, that their act has been denominated revolution.”
“They formed a new alliance
,” he continues, [ignoring their solemn compact in the Federal Constitution
by which they had covenanted with each other that “No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance