The call was promptly made by proclamation from the governor, and the whole Missouri
border came over to execute vengeance on Lawrence
and the Free-State
men. This army encamped at Franklin
, a pro-Slavery settlement, a few miles from Lawrence
, and there remained several days, during which Thomas W. Barber
, a Free-State man, returning from Lawrence
to his home, seven miles off, was shot dead by some of them, but no other serious damage done.
Finally, articles of negotiation and adjustment were agreed upon between Gov. Shannon
and the Free-State
leaders, in Lawrence
, which suspended the feud for the present.
dispersed, and the troubled land once more had peace.
In the Spring
of 1856, the pro-Slavery party on the Kansas
border were reenforced by Col. Buford
, from Alabama
, at the head of a regiment of wild young men, mainly recruited in South Carolina
They came in military array, armed, and with the avowed purpose of making Kansas
a Slave State at all hazards.
On one of their raids into Kansas
, a party of Buford
's men, who were South Carolinians, took a Mr. Miller
prisoner, and, finding that he was a Free-State man, and a native of South Carolina
, they gravely tried him for treason to his native State!
He was found guilty, and escaped with his life only, losing his horse and money.
now swarmed with the minions of the Slave Power
, intent on her subjugation; their pretext being the enforcement of the laws passed by the fraudulent Legislature.
On the morning of the 21st of May, 1856, Lawrence
was surrounded and surprised by various parties of enemies, part of them under Gen. Atchison
, who, with the “Platte County
rifles,” and two pieces of artillery, approached from Lecompton
on the west, while another force, composed in good part of the volunteers from the Atlantic Southern States
, under Col. Buford
, beleaguered it on the east.
They bristled with weapons from the United States Armory, then in charge of the Federal
officers in Kansas
Nearly all the pro-Slavery leaders then in Kansas
, or hovering along the Missouri
border, were on hand; among them, Col. Titus
, from Florida
, Col. Wilkes
, from South Carolina
, Gen. String
-fellow, a Virginian, Col. Boone
, hailing from Westport
, and many others of local and temporary fame.
The entire force was about 800 strong, having possession of Mount Oread, a hill which commanded the town.
The pretext for this raid was a desire to serve legal processes in Kansas
, although deputy marshal Fain
, who held a part of those processes, had been in Lawrence
the evening before, and served two writs without a sign of resistance, as on several previous occasions.
He now rode into the town with ten men, and arrested two leading Free-State citizens, no one making objection.
Meantime, the posse
, so called, were busy in the suburbs, breaking open houses and robbing their inmates.
remained in town until afternoon, eating dinner with his party at the principal hotel, but neglecting to pay for it; then returned to the camp on the hill, and was succeeded by “Sheriff Jones
” of that county, whose authority, being derived from