this action was ratified by a Convention of the People of Texas
on the ensuing 4th of July.
The XXIXth Congress met at Washington
December 1, 1845, with a strong Democratic majority in either branch.
John W. Davis
, of Indiana
, was chosen Speaker of the House
by 120 votes to 72 for Samuel F. Vinton
(Whig), of Ohio
, and 18 scattering.
On the 16th, a joint resolve, reported on the 10th from the Committee
on Territories by Mr. Douglas
, of Illinois
, formally admitting Texas
as a State into our Union, was carried by the decisive vote of 141 to 56.
The Senate concurred, on the 22d, by 31 Yeas to 13 Nays.
Thus far, the confident predictions of War with Mexico
, as a necessary consequence of our annexing Texas
, had not been realized.
Technically and legally, we might, perhaps, be said to have been at war ever since we had determined on Annexation; practically and in fact, we were not. No belligerent action on the part of Mexico
directly followed the decisive step, or its official promulgation.
Our commerce and our flag were still welcomed in the Mexican
The disposable portion of our little army, some 1,500 strong, under Gen. Zachary Taylor
, commander of the Southwestern
department, in obedience to orders from Washington
, embarked (July, 1845) at New Orleans, and landed, early in August, at Corpus Christi
, on Aransas Bay
, near the mouth of the Nueces
, which was the extreme western limit of Texan occupation.1
The correspondence between the Secretary of War
) and Gen. Taylor
, which preceded and inspired this movement, clearly indicates that Mr. Polk
and his Cabinet desired Gen. Taylor
to debark at, occupy, and hold, the east bank of the Rio Grande
, though they shrank from the responsibility of giving an order to that effect, hoping that Gen. Taylor
would take a hint, as Gen. Jackson
was accustomed to do in his Florida
operations, and do what was desired in such manner as would enable the Government
to disavow him, and evade the responsibility of his course.
, however, demanded explicit instructions, and, being thereupon directed to take position so as to be prepared to defend the soil of our new acquisition “to the extent that it had been occupied by the people of Texas
,” he stopped at the Nueces
, as aforesaid.
Here, though no hostilities were offered or threatened, 2,500 more troops were sent him in November.
Official hints and innuendoes that lie was expected to advance to the Rio Grande
continued to reach him, but he disregarded them; and at length, about the 1st of March, he received positive orders from the President