which encouragement they have improved and flourished beyond example.
The South has very peculiar interests to preserve, interests already violently assailed and boldly threatened.
Your Committee are fully persuaded that this protection to her best interests will be afforded by the Annexation of Texas; an equipoise of influence in the halls of Congress will be secured, which will furnish us a permanent guarantee of protection.
Mr. Henry A. Wise
, of Virginia
, of the same political school with Gilmer
, in a speech in the House
, January 26, 1842, said:
True, if Iowa be added on the one side, Florida will be added on the other.
But there the equation must stop.
Let one more Northern State be admitted, and the equilibrium is gone — gone forever.
The balance of interests is gone — the safeguard of American property — of the American Constitution — of the American Union, vanished into thin air. This must be the inevitable result, unless, by a treaty with Mexico, the South can add more weight to her end of the lever. Let the South stop at the Sabine, while the North may spread unchecked beyond the Rocky Mountains, and the Southern scale must kick the beam.
The letter of Mr. Gilmer
, when printed, was, by Mr. Aaron V. Brown
, a Democratic member of Congress from Tennessee
, inclosed in a letter to Gen. Jackson
, asking the General
's opinion thereon.
That request promptly elicited the following response: