Now wish is a
[rational] longing for good, for no one wishes for anything
unless he thinks it is good; irrational longings are anger and desire. Thus all
the actions of men must necessarily be referred to seven causes: chance, nature,
compulsion, habit, reason, anger, and desire.
Aristotle in 23 Volumes, Vol. 22, translated by J. H. Freese. Aristotle. Cambridge and London. Harvard University Press; William Heinemann Ltd. 1926.
The Annenberg CPB/Project provided support for entering this text.
Purchase a copy of this text (not necessarily the same edition) from
An XML version of this text is available for download,
with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted
changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.