Men also feel shame when they are
connected with actions or things which entail disgrace,1
for which either they themselves, or their
ancestors, or any others with whom they are closely connected are responsible.
In a word, men feel shame for those whom they themselves respect;2
such are those mentioned and those who have any relation to
them, for instance, whose teachers or advisers they have been; similarly, when
they are in rivalry with others who are like them;