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[6] And the action must be considered in reference to all the categories; for if there is a favor it is so because of substance, quantity, quality, time, or place.1 And it denotes lack of goodwill, if persons have not rendered a smaller service,2 or if they have rendered similar, equal, or greater services to our enemies; for it is evident that they do not act for our sake in this case either. Or if the service was insignificant, and rendered by one who knew it; for no one admits that he has need of what is insignificant.

1 The other five categories in Aristotle's list are: relation, position, possession, activity, passivity.

2 Because in that case their motives in rendering the greater service cannot be disinterested.

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