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The Axius is a muddy stream; but Homer1 calls it "water most fair," perhaps on account of the spring called Aea, which, since it empties purest water into the Axius, proves that the present current reading2 of the passage in the poet is faulty. After the Axius, at a distance of twenty stadia, is the Echedorus;3 then, forty stadia farther on, Thessaloniceia, founded by Gassander, and also the Egnatian Road. Cassander named the city after his wife Thessalonice, daughter of Philip son of Amyntas, after he had razed to the ground the towns in Crusis and those on the Thermaean Gulf, about twenty-six in number, and had settled all the inhabitants together in one city; and this city is the metropolis of what is now Macedonia. Among those included in the settlement were Apollonia, Chalastra, Therma, Garescus, Aenea, and Cissus; and of these one might suspect that Cissus belonged to Cisses,4 whom the poet mentions in speaking of Iphidamas, “"whom Cisses reared."

1 Hom. Il. 21.158

2 See Frag. 23.

3 Now the Gallico.

4 Also spelled "Cisseus" (wrongly, it seems), as in Frag. 24 q.v.

5 Hom. Il. 11.223

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