the cabinet as chancellor, Yorke, and Charles Towns
hend, were among its earliest and most strenuous supporters; and the duke of Cumberland
was the last man in England
to temporize with what he might think to be rebellion.
The agents of the colonies seeing among the ministry some who had been their friends, took courage to solicit relief; but for many weeks Franklin1
admitted no hope of success.
An order in council2
, sanctioned by the name, and apparently, by the advice of Lord Dartmouth—perhaps the worst order ever proposed by the Board of Trade, so bad that it was explained away by the crown lawyers as impossible to have been intended—permitted appeals to the privy council from any verdict given by any jury in the courts of New-York
; while the Treasury Board, with Rockingham
at its head, directed the attorney and solicitor general to prepare instruments for collecting in Canada
, by the king's authority, the same revenue which had been collected there under the government of Louis XV.; and without any apparent misgiving, proceeded to complete the arrangements for executing the stamp act.