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[148] parliament. There was a coincidence of opinion be-
chap. VIII.} 1763. Sept.
tween them and the king; but there was not one of them all whom the king could claim as his own personal friend. If the ministry was too little favorable to liberty, the fault lay in the system on which parliament was organized; it was undoubtedly a fair and adequate representation of the British constitution, and needed nothing but cordial personal union among themselves and with the king to last for a generation.

Of the Secretaries of State, Halifax, as the elder, had his choice of departments, and took for himself the Southern, ‘on account of the Colonies;’1 and the Earl of Hillsborough, like Shelburne an Irish as well as an English Peer, was placed at the head of the Board of Trade.

One and the same spirit was at work on each side of the Atlantic. From Boston Bernard urged anew the establishment of a sufficient and independent civil list—out of which enlarged salaries were to be paid to the crown officers. And while he acknowledged that ‘the compact between the king and the people was in no colony better observed than in that of the Massachusetts Bay,’ that ‘its people in general were well satisfied with their subordination to Great Britain,’ that ‘their former prejudices which made them otherwise disposed, were wholly or almost wholly worn off,’ he nevertheless railed at ‘the unfortunate error in framing the government, to leave the council to be elected annually.’ He advised either a council ‘resembling as near as possible the House of Lords;’ its members to be appointed for life, with some title,

1 Lord Chesterfield to his Son, September, 1763. Letter CCCLXXII.

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