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[163] there were to be castles, fortified, casemated,
chap. IX.} 1763. Oct.
and armed with cannon, placed near enough to preserve a connection. The contemptuous neglect of his project1 inclined him to think lightly of Grenville's ability, and to hate him,2 nor did he forgive Hillsborough for his opposition.

In forming the new territory into provinces, the fear of danger from large states led to the division of Florida; for it was held to be good policy to enhance the difficulties of union among the colonies by increasing the number of independent governments.3

The boundary of Massachusetts, both on the east and on the north, was clearly defined; extending on the east to the St. Croix, and on the north leaving to the province of Quebec the narrow strip only, from which the water flows into the St. Lawrence.4

For Canada, or the province of Quebec, as it was called, the narrower boundaries, on which Shelburne had insisted, were adopted. All that lay to the west of Lake Nepising, and all the country beyond the Alleghanies, were, by a solemn proclamation, shut against the emigrant, from the fear that remote colonies would claim the independence which their position would favor.

England had conquered the west and dared not make use of it. She went to war for the Ohio valley, and having got possession of it, set it apart to be kept as a desert. A puny policy would have pulled down

1 M. Frances an Duc de Choiseul, à Londres le 21 8bre. 1768. ‘II meprise les talens de M. Grenville et bait sa personne’

2 Frances to the Duke de Choiseul, Oct. 1768. 11 (Egmont) n'a pas pardonne a my Lord Hillsborough, qui etoit alors a la tete du bureau des plantations, de s'etre oppose à son execution.

3 Campbell, 17, 18.

4 Halifax to the Lords of Trade, 27 September. 1768. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King, 5 October, 1763.

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