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[184] called for, they had fallen into oblivion. The experi-
chap. IX.} 1764. April.
ment was again renewed; and a bounty of eight pounds per ton for seven years, then of six pounds for seven years, then of four pounds for as many more, was granted on hemp or undressed flax imported from America.1

But as to manufactures, it was expected that no American would be ‘so unreasonable or so rash’ as to engage in the establishment of linen manufactories there, even of ‘the coarser kinds’ of linens; for in that case ‘not prohibitory laws, but laws to which no American could form an objection, would effectually thwart all their endeavors,’2 as the exigencies of the state required that Great Britain should disappoint American establishments of manufactures as ‘contrary to the general good.’3

To South Carolina and Georgia special indulgence was shown; following the line of precedent,4 rice, though an enumerated commodity, was, on the payment of a half subsidy, allowed to be carried directly to any part of America, to the southward of those colonies; that is, to the foreign West India islands;5 so that the broken and mowburnt rice might be sold as food for negroes, and good rice made cheaper for the British market.

The boon that was to mollify New England was concerted with Israel Mauduit, acting for his brother; the agent of Massachusetts, and was nothing less than

1 Report of Privy Council, 7 March, 1764. Order in Council, 9 March. Geo. III. c. XXVI. § 1. Compare the regulations lately made, 53, 55.

2 Regulations lately made, &c. 68, 69.

3 Ibid., 69.

4 3 Geo. iic. XXVIII., and 27 Geo. II. c. XVIII.

5 4 Geo. III. c. XXVII. Regulations, &c. 52, 53.

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