At home, where the Scottish nation
enjoyed its own religion, the people were loyal: in Ireland
, the disfranchised Scotch Presbyterians, who still drew their ideas of Christian government from the Westminster Confession
, began to believe that they were under no religious obligation to render obedience to the British
They could not enter the Irish parliament to strengthen the hands of the patriot party; nor were they taught by their faith to submit in patience, like the Catholic Irish
Had all Ireland
resembled them, it could not have been kept in subjection.
But what could be done by unorganized men, constituting only about a tenth of the people, in the land in which they were but sojourners?
They were willing to quit a soil which was endeared to them by no traditions; and the American
colonies opened their arms to receive them.
They began to change their abode as soon as they felt oppression;1
and every successive period of discontent swelled the tide of emigrants.
Just after the peace of Paris
, ‘the Heart
of Oak’ Protestants of Ulster
, weary of strife with their landlords, came over in great numbers;2
and settlements on the Catawba, in South Carolina
, dated from that epoch.3
At different times in the eighteenth century, some had found homes in New-England
, but they were most numerous south of New-York
, from New-Jersey