previous next
[166] the Mississippi; and not even the terrors of border
chap IX.} 1763. Oct.
wars with the savages ‘could stop the enthusiasm of running backwards to hunt for fresh lands,’1 in men who loved no enjoyment like that of perfect persona] freedom in the companionship of nature. From Carolina the hunters2 annually passed the Cumberland Gap, gave names to the streams and rocky ridges of Tennessee, and with joyous confidence chased game in the basin of the Cumberland river. On all the waters, from the Holston river to the head springs of the Kentucky and the Cumberland, there dwelt not one single human inhabitant. It was the waste forest and neutral ground that divided the Cherokees from the Five Nations and their dependents. The lovely region had been left for untold years the paradise of wild beasts, which had so filled the valley with their broods, that a thrifty hunter could, in one season, bring home peltry worth sixteen hundred dollars.3

So the Mississippi valley was entered at Pittsburg, on the New River, and on the Holston and Clinch. It was only Florida, the new conquest, accepted in exchange for Havana, that civilized men left as a desert. When, in July, possession of it was taken, the whole number of its inhabitants, of every age and sex, men, wives, children, and servants, was three thousand, and of these the men were almost all in the pay of the Catholic King.4 The possession of it had cost Spain nearly two hundred and thirty thousand

1 Fauquier to the Lords of Trade.

2 John Heywood's Civil and Political History of the State of Tennessee, from its earliest settlement 1823, page 35. Compare also, page 74.

3 Ibid, 25, 26.

4 Lt.-Col. Robertson's Report of up to the year 1796. Knoxville, the State of E. and W. Florida, 115.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Robertson (1)
John Heywood (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
1823 AD (1)
1796 AD (1)
1763 AD (1)
October (1)
July (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: