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[111] to occupy the country which for ages had been
chap. VII.} 1763. May.
his own.1 His canoe could no longer quiver on the bosom of the St. Mary's, or pass into the clear waters of Lake Huron, or paddle through the strait that connects Huron and Erie, or cross from the waters of the St. Lawrence to those of the Ohio, without passing by the British flag. By what right was that banner unfurled in the west? What claim to the red man's forest could the English derive from victories over the French?

The French had won the affection of the savages by their pliability and their temperance, and retained it by religious influence; they seemed no more to be masters, but rather companions and friends. More formidable enemies now appeared, arrogant in their pretensions, scoffing insolently at those whom they superseded, driving away their Catholic priests, and introducing the traffic in rum, which till then had been effectually prohibited. Since the French must go, no other nation should take their place. Let the Red Men at once vindicate their right to what was their own heritage, or consent to their certain ruin.

The wide conspiracy began with the lower nations, who were the chief instigators of discontent.2 The Iroquois, especially the Senecas,3 who were very much enraged against the English,4 joined with the Delawares

1 Hutchinson to Richard Jackson, August, 1763.

2 Sir Jeffery Amherst to Major Gladwin, New-York, 29 May, 1763. ‘The nations below, who seem to be the chief instigators of this mischief.’

3 Sir Jeffery Amherst to Sir William Johnson, New-York, 29 May, 1763. ‘The Senecas seem to have a principal hand. * * * Other tribes enter into plots against their benefactors,’ &c. &c.

4 Speech of the Miami chief, 30 March, 1763.

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