Buell from command, appointing Maj.-Gen. Rosecrans
in his stead.
If the disappointment on our side at the escape of Bragg
with his plunder was great, the chagrin of the Rebels
was even greater.
They had so loudly and boastingly proclaimed that they entered Kentucky
to stay, that they had incited their partisans throughout the State
to compromise themselves by demonstrations which were now shown to have been rash and useless; so that thousands of the more prominent were impelled to fly with Bragg
, who embarrassed his march and devoured his scanty supplies, yet were of no value to the cause when they had together entered — not in triumph — their beloved Dixie.
's invasion had demonstrated afresh the antagonism of at least two-thirds of the Kentuckians to the Rebellion
— a demonstration more conclusive than that uniformly afforded by her elections, because there could now be no pretense that the people were overawed or their verdict corrupted.
For weeks, a gallant, formidable, triumphant Rebel army had held undisputed possession of the heart of the State
; its cavalry had traversed two-thirds of it, affording opportunity and solicitation to all who were inclined to enter the Confederate
service; their cause had enjoyed the prestige of several brilliant and profitable successes, while the Union
forces everywhere fled before them, or made a stand only to be routed; yet the number of recruits to their standard was confessedly moderate.
Excepting in a few of the rich slaveholding counties around Lexington
, and in that south-western portion of the State
failed to reach, those in sympathy with the Rebellion
were everywhere a decided and in many counties an inconsiderable minority.1
The transfer of Gen. Halleck
had left Gen. Grant
in command of the district of West Tennessee, with his headquarters at Jackson
or at Bolivar
, while Gen. Rosecrans
was left in command in northern Mississippi
, when Gen. Buell
two of his divisions, moved northward in pursuit of Bragg
was at Tuscumbia
by telegram from Gen. Grant
, that a considerable Rebel force was moving northward between them, and that its cavalry had already attacked Bolivar
, and cut the line of railroad between that post and Jackson
Hercupon, leaving Iuka
in charge of Col. R. C. Murphy
, 8th Wisconsin, Rosecrans
moved castward with Stanley
's division to his old encampment at Clear creek
. seven miles from Corinth
precipitately abandoned his post on the approach of the Rebel
cavalry, allowing a large amount of stores, with 680 barrels of flour, to fall into the hands of the enemy.
A reconnoissance in