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[406] found time to do comparatively little mischief. Crossing the Little Miami railroad, they obstructed the track at a spot suited to their purpose, and watched it till the train, at 7 A. M., came down from Morrow; throwing off the locomotive, killing the fireman, and wounding the engineer; when they rushed out of the adjacent woods, and, while the cars were being fired and burnt, they captured and paroled 200 unarmed recruits, who they had probably been apprised were coming.

There was some skirmishing from day to day; but the raiders were too strong for any force that could be assembled on the instant, while their route could not be foreseen, and they moved too swiftly — burning bridges and obstructing roads behind them — to permit the gathering cloud in their rear to overtake them: these having but a second and very inferior choice in swapping horses.

Still, a considerable force had collected in their front at Chilicothe; but Morgan had pressing business in another direction.

Hobson, on reaching the Ohio, had foreseen that the chase would be obliged to take water again, and had sent at once to Louisville to have the river well patrolled by gunboats. And, so soon as it became evident that Morgan was making for Pomeroy or Gallipolis with intent to cross, the inhabitants along the roads leading thither began to fall trees across them in his front, materially interfering with the freedom and celerity of his movements. At length,1 the weary, harassed raiders struck the Ohio just at daylight, at a ford a little above Pomeroy, and sent across two companies, who were received with a volley, which plainly said, “No thoroughfare;” and the next moment brought tidings of a gunboat, which had drawn off when fired at, but would of course spread the alarm far and wide.

One of Morgan's Colonels now reported that he had charged and routed a hostile force posted in rifle-pits not far distant, capturing 150 prisoners; and the chief was hurrying his preparations for crossing his. men forthwith, when the roar of guns down the river argued gunboats at hand, just as three heavy columns of infantry appeared, crowning the bluffs in his rear and on his right, opening fire on the close columns of the fugitives. Forthwith, the word was given to flee up the river, and it was obeyed with alacrity; leaving guns, wagons, &c., with dismounted men, sick, wounded, &c., to the number of 600, to become prisoners.

Morgan and his remaining troopers sped up the river some 14 miles to Belleville; where they had fairly begun, at 3 P. M., to swim their horses across--330 having got away — when Gens. Hobson and Shackleford, in command of a division of their pursuers, were again upon them; while several gunboats confronted them on the river, manned by Gen. Scammon, commanding on the Kanawha; he having brought down two or three regiments to share in the hunt. As there was no hope in fighting, the raiders took post on a high, scarcely accessible bluff, where they were summoned by Shackleford to surrender. They asked an hour for consideration: he gave them forty minutes; and, when these expired, all that remained

1 July 19.

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