in the streets of the village, and thus losing heavily in prisoners.
Their wounded, who had thus far been taken to Gettysburg
, were of course abandoned to the enemy, as the debris
of the two corps, scarcely half the number that had marched so proudly through those streets a few hours before, fell hastily back and were rallied on Cemetery hill
, just south of the village: Buford
, with his troopers, covering the retreat, and trying to show a bold front to the Rebels
; who — though there were still several hours of good daylight — did not see fit to press their advantage: presuming that our whole army was moving hitherward, and fearing that they might miscalculate and suffer as Reynolds
had just done.
And they were right.
For Gen. Sickles
, with his (3d) corps, which had advanced, the day before, from Taneytown
, and had there received from Meade
a circular to his corps commanders, directing a concentration on the line of Pipe creek
— the left of the army at Middleburg
, the right at Manchester
— had been preparing to move, as directed, to Middleburg
, when, at 2 P. M.,1
he received a dispatch from Howard
, stating that the 1st and 11th corps were there engaged with a superior force, and that Reynolds
had been killed; thereupon, calling urgently for assistance.
was at Taneytown
, ten miles away; and to wait to hear from him was to leave Howard
to his fate.
had been moving on Gettysburg
till halted by Meade
's new circular; and he decided that he ought to persist now; so, leaving two brigades and two batteries to hold Emmitsburg
, he put the rest of his corps in rapid notion for Gettysburg
; arriving just after Howard
had taken post on Cemetery hill
, and coming into position on his left.
As he came up the Emmitsburg
road, he might have been assailed by Hill
's forces, holding the ridges on his left; but the enemy were satisfied with their day's work, and did not molest him.
was at Taneytown
, when, at 1 P. M., news came that there was fighting at Gettysburg
, and that Gen. Reynolds
had been killed.
He at once ordered Hancock
to turn over his (2d) corps to Gibbon
, hasten himself to Gettysburg
, and take command there; which was done: Hancock
reaching Cemetery hill
at 3 1/2 P. M., when the rear of our broken 1st and 11th corps was retreating in disorder through the village, hotly pursued by the triumphant foe. Howard
having already formed a division on Cemetery hill
to post his, or what was left of it (1,600 out of the 4,000 he had led to battle in the morning) on Culp's hill
, at our right; while Gen. Geary
, with the advance division of Slocum
's (12th) corps, then coming up, was directed to take position on high ground toward Round Top
, on our left.
had hurriedly requested Hancock
to judge whether Gettysburg
afforded us better ground for a battle than that he had selected on Pipe creek
; and Hancock
now (4 P. M.) sent word that he would hold on here until Meade
could arrive and judge for himself.
had already impelled the 2d corps, under Gibbon
, toward Gettysburg
wrote him that the