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[316] lines-after which, you will take possession; officers to retain their side-arms and personal property, and the rights and property of citizens to be respected.

I am, General, yours, very respectfully,

J. C. Pemberton, Lt.-General.

Grant rejoined, declining to fetter himself by any stipulations respecting citizens and their effects, and insisting that officers should take but their private baggage and side-arms, with one horse each to mounted officers. Should these terms not be acceded to by 9 A. M., they would be regarded as rejected. Pemberton forthwith acceded; and, at 9 A. M., on the “Glorious fourth,” Gen. McPherson rode in to receive the stipulated surrender; meeting Pemberton half a mile within the lines, where they were soon joined by Grant; and all, after a few minutes' parley, rode together into town; while Gen. Logan was ordered to establish a provost-guard. At 11 1/2, the National ensign was hoisted over the Court House, and “Rally round the flag” sung beneath it by a crowd of enthusiastic soldiers, who evidently thought that the National Anniversary needed an extra celebration in that city, whence it had for two years been excluded. By 3 P. M., our possession was complete; our vast fleet of rams, gunboats, transports, &c., stretched along the levee; and the Rebel soldiers, whose arms had been duly stacked in the morning, were looking sharply for the provisions which their own commissariat was unable to supply. After being duly paroled and supplied with three days rations. they were escorted across the Big Black; thence taking their way to Jackson.

Gen. Grant reports his aggregate losses in this memorable campaign, from the day he landed at Bruinsburg till that of the surrender, at 943 killed, 7,095 wounded, and 537 missing: total, 8,575; of whom 4,236 fell before Vicksburg — most of them in the assault of May 22d. He adds:

Of the wounded, many were but slightly wounded, and continued on duty; many more required but a few days or weeks for their recovery. Not more than one-half of the wounded were permanently disabled.

Of the enemy's losses, he says:

The result of this campaign has been the defeat of the enemy in five battles outside of Vicksburg; the occupation of Jackson, the capital of the State of Mississippi, and the capture of Vicksburg and its garrison and munitions of war; a loss to the enemy of 37,000 prisoners, among whom Were fifteen general officers; at least 10,000 killed and wounded, and among the killed Generals Tracy, Tilghman, and Green, and hundreds, perhaps thousands, of stragglers, who can never be collected and reorganized. Arms and munitions of war for an army of 60,000 men have fallen into our hands; besides a large amount of other public property, consisting of railroads, locomotives, cars, steamboats, cotton, etc.; and much was destroyed to prevent our capturing it.

Of course, the 37,000 prisoners claimed were not all captured with Vicksburg; but the number there paroled, including the sick and wounded, was reported at 27,000, of whom 15,000 only were fit for duty. This. was the heaviest single blow ever given to the muscular resources of the Rebellion; and no other campaign of the war equals in brilliancy of conception and general success in execution that which resulted in the capitulation of Vicksburg.

Gen. Grant was fully aware, throughout the progress of the siege, that Jo. Johnston was behind him, using every exertion to raise an army strong enough to fall upon the besiegers with a rational hope of success. Hardly had the investment been completed, when, upon information that Johnston had crossed the

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