profusion; but these were not the forces required to paralyze such commanders as Butler
the joyful tidings reached the former from the latter that his fleet was all over the bar, reloaded, and ready for action; and that he hoped to move up the river next day. Two days later, Gen. Butler
, with his 8,000 troops, was at the mouth of the river.
New Orleans, situated on the left bank of the Mississippi
, 100 miles above its mouths, with the large sheet of water known as Lake Pontchartrain
closely approaching it on the north, and the smaller Lake Borgne
some 20 miles distant on the east, was by far the largest and most important city of the Confederacy
, with a population of 170,000, and the greatest export trade, just prior to the war of any city in the world.
Unable to perceive the wisdom of expatriating those magnificent feeders of its commerce, the Missouri
, the Ohio
, and the upper Mississippi
, a majority of its people had opposed Secession, until the carefully nursed tempest of pro-Slavery folly, fury, fanaticism, and ruffianism, stifled all outspoken dissent, about the time the war was formally opened by the Confederate
attack on Fort Sumter
Thenceforward, New Orleans became the virtual heart of the Confederacy
; and its immense wealth of coin and produce was lavished in all directions in support of the military operations directed from Richmond
Regiment after regiment of Louisianians and foreign residents were raised and equipped here; but most of them had, when the hour of peril came, been drafted off, from time to time, to meet pressing exigencies on the Potomac
and higher Mississippi
, or the Tennessee
; so that but about 3,000 of these, neither well armed, well drilled, nor particularly well affected to the cause, remained to dispute the advance of the Yankee
Gen. David E. Twiggs
had been rewarded for his stupendous treachery to the Union
, by the command of the Confederate
defenses of New Orleans, until stern experience proved him as incalable, superannuated, and inefficient, as even our own Scott
At length, on a plea of declining health, lie was sent home to die; and Gen. Mansfield Lovell
, who had abandoned a lucrative office under the Democratic
municipality of New York to take service with tlhe Confederates, was appointed his successor.
On assuming command,2 Lovell
found the defenses of the great slavemart more pretentious than formidable.
The variety of water approaches )by Lakes Pontchartrain and Borgne, and the Bayous
Barataria and La Fourche, all needed defenses against an enemy of preponderant naval force; while even the Mississippi
required fortifying and watching above as well as below, to render the city entirely safe.
Artillery by parks was indispensable; and a good many guns had been supplied from the plunder of the Norfolk Navy Yard
, and elsewhere; but most of them were old, of moderate caliber, unrifled, and every way unsuited to the requirements of modern warfare.
He telegraphed to Richmond
, to Mobile
, and other points, for heavier and better cannon; but obtained very