New Orleans and its approaches.|
few, mainly from Pensacola
, when that place was abandoned; and had just begun to cast new ones, adapted to his needs, as also to provide himself with iron-clads, when confronted by a military necessity for leaving that part of the country.
, knowing far better than our commanders the essential weakness of his position, and early warned of his danger by the gathering of our forces on Ship Island
, seems to have exerted himself to the utmost.
He had fortified and guarded all the land approaches to the city; so that, though Gen. Butler
's army, had it advanced otherwise than by the Mississippi
, would probally have carried it, the cost in time, effort, and blood, would doubtless have been far greater than that actually incurred.
But the operations of Farragut
, in and about the passes, gave unmistakable indications of the real point of danger; so that the Rebel General
's forces and means of annoyance were mainly concentrated in and around Forts Jackson
and St. Philip
, which, from opposite banks, command the passage of the river, 75 miles below New Orleans.
Beside these respectable and regularly constructed fortresses of brick and earth, abundantly supplied with smooth-bore 24 and 32-pounders, and a few better guns, Lovell
and his naval compatricts, after blocking up most of the water approaches to New Orleans from, the Gulf
with strongly-braced pile, green live-oaks, and other obstructions, and