and rapidly than any engineer.
The harassed, shattered garrison could better fight on their ramparts than starve behind then.
At length, after 45 days of isolation, Pemberton
, hopeless of relief, and at the end of his resources, hung out a white flag1
in front of Gen. A. J. Smith
's division; and our men, sent forward to inquire as to its purport, were informed that Gen. Bowen
and Col. Montgomery
, of Pemberton
's staff, bore a communication from their chief to G en. Grant
Duly blindfolded, they were taken to Gen. Burbridge
's tent, whence their message was communicated to our commander, and proved to be an application for an armistice, with a view to arranging terms of capitulation.
promptly responded, requiring an unconditional surrender; to which Bowen
demurred, expressing a wish to converse with Gen. Grant
This was declined; but a willingness avowed to confer with Gen. Pemberton
, if he wished, at such time as he should appoint.
accordingly named 3 P. M. of that day; at which time, the meeting took place: Pemberton
being attended by Bowen
, and A. J. Smith
, beside his staff.
required that his men should be paroled and marched beyond our lines with eight days rations drawn from their own stores
[they applied to our commissary for rations next day ]; the officers to retain their private property and their body-servants.
heard all that they proposed, then broke up the conference, promising to send his answer before night; hostilities to remain suspended meantime.
Accordingly, after conferring with his Major-Generals
sent by Gen. Logan
and Lt.-Col. Wilson
the following letter:
responded as follows: