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[407] (over 1,000) gave up; but Morgan, with a small body of adherents, had put off, and was not included in the capitulation. Though the surrender was made to the military, it is clear that the gunboats constrained it; the river being then so low that horsemen forded it, aided by a little swimming, with slight difficulty. But the Moose, Lt.-Com'g L. Fitch, was always in the way when a crossing was attempted, dispensing shell and canister to all comers, and driving back the haggard, wayworn raiders to the shore they were so anxious to leave. Other gunboats were likewise on the alert; though the low stage of the water forbade the use of any but the lighter and less effective.

Morgan, with the remnant of his force, now stripped of its guns and wagons, with all the miscellaneous plunder it had hitherto accumulated, fled inland to McArthur; thence making another forlorn attempt to strike the river and cross just above Marietta; then pushing inland again to Eastport, and thence irregularly north-east till near New Lisbon, where they were at length so surrounded and hemmed in by militia, home guards, &c., in addition to the pursuers ever hot on their track, that they were driven to take refuge on a bluff, whence there was no escape; and here they surrendered1 at discretion. Thus, of all who started on this hare-brained raid, less than 400, under Col. Adam R. Johnson, who got across at Belleville, and fled thence into south-western Virginia, escaped death or captivity. Of the residue, some 500 were killed or wounded. And, while earnest attempts were made to demonstrate that the loss inflicted on the Federals, in the diversion of forces, cutting of railroads, &c., outweighed its unquestioned cost, it is note-worthy that the Confederates never seemed to have any more brigades of cavalry which they wished to dispose of on similar terms.

Morgan and several of his officers were taken to Columbus and confined in the penitentiary; their heads being shaved, like those of ordinary felons. No good reason has been assigned for this treatment, nor does it appear by whom it was ordered — certainly not by the Government. No labor was required of them; but they were confined in cells; whence seven of them, Morgan included, dug out and escaped;2 changing their clothes in the sentry-box on the outer wall, and separating so soon as they were free. Morgan and a Capt. Hines proceeded at once to the Cincinnati depot, got upon the train, which they knew would start at 1 A. M., and were carried by it very near to Cincinnati, when they put on the brakes at the rear of the train, checked its speed, jumped off, and ran to the Ohio, across which they were ferried to Kentucky, and went at once to a house where shelter and refreshment awaited them. Thence, Morgan made his way through Kentucky and Tennessee to northern Georgia; losing his companion by the way, but finding himself at last among those who did not fear to avow their sympathy with his cause, and their admiration for his character. Thence, he proceeded to Richmond, where he was greeted with an ovation, and made a speech, recounting

1 July 26.

2 Nov. 26.

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