was at St. Louis
when first apprised1
of this raid, and at once set out for his post, Lebanon
: whence, gathering up what force lie could, he advanced on Bolivar
, moving by Humansville
, where he hoped to intercept their flight.
had already passed through Humansville
, hotly pursued, losing there his last gun, when McNeil
reached that point; so the latter joined the hunt through Greenfield
, and on through Huntsville
over Buffalo mountain
, taking prisoners by the way; continuing the chase to Clarksville
, unable to come fairly up with the nimble fugitives, who had now crossed the Arkansas
and vanished among the wilds beyond.
here gave over the pursuit, moving deliberately up the river to Fort Smith
During this chase, he had been designated2
to command of the Army of the Frontier, vice Gen. Blunt
Standwatie and Quantrell
made another attack3
on Col. Phillips
's outposts near Fort Gibson, Indian Territory
; but, after a fight of four or five hours, the assailants were routed and driven across the Arkansas
This terminated the fighting in this quarter for the year 1863.
A general Indian war on our Western frontier had been gravely apprehended in 1862; and that apprehension was partially realized.
Under the administrations of Pierce
, the Indian
agents and other Government employes among the aboriginal tribes of the great plains were of course Democrats; many of them Southrons, and all intensely pro-Slavery.
These were generally supurseded, under Mr. Lincoln
, in the course of 1861; and were suspected of having been stimulated, by wrath at finding themselves displaced and by political and sectional sympathies, to use their necessarily great influence among the several tries to attach them to the fortunes and involve them in the struggles of the Confederacy
Of some of them, this is probably true; but it is not known to be proved, save with those formerly accredited to the tribes residing, within the boundaries of the Indian Territory
But, however caused, the general feeling of the western Indians
toward us became more and more hostile during 1861-2; until at length certain bands of the Sioux
, with some other tribes, pl<*>ed into open war. Little Crow's band bore a conspicuous part in these butcheries; striking in rapid succession the north-western frontier settlements at Yellow Medicine
New Ulm,5 Cedar City
, and a few other feeble outposts; besieging for nine days Fort Ridgeley;7
beleaguering and twice assaulting Fort Abercrombie
, whence they were driven with heavy loss; and butchering in all some 500 persons, mainly defenseless women and children.
Militia were promptly called out and sent against them, under Gen. H. H. Sibley
; and the main savage band was finally struck8
at Wood lake
; where Little Crow was utterly routed, fleeing thence into Dakota
Some 500 of the savages were captured; of whom 498 were tried by court-martial, and about 300 convicted and