the other battalion was White
, under Maj. Bradford
, 13th Tennessee cavalry. Maj. Booth
had six gulls.
The attack was made before sunrise, and the fighting was sharp until 9 A. M., when Maj. Booth
Hitherto, our men had defended an outer line of intrenchments; but Major Bradford
now drew the garrison back into the fort, situated on the high, steep, but partially timbered bluff of the Mississippi
, with a ravine on either hand, also partially wooded.
The gunboat New Era, Capt. Marshall
, cooperated in tile defense; but to little purpose, because of the height of the bank, and because the Rebels
, if shelled up one ravine, shifted their operations to the other.
The fighting went on till considerably after noon, without material advantage to the enemy ; when the fire on both sides slackened to allow the guns to cool, while the New Era, nearly out of cartridges, moved back into the channel to clean her guns.
improved the opportunity to send a summons, and soon after a second, demanding a surrender within 20 minutes; which Bradford
While these negotiations were in progress, the Rebels
were stealing, down both ravines and gaining sheltered positions whence they could rush upon the fort whenever the signal should be given.
's answer having been received, their rush was instantaneous, and in a moment the fort was in their hands; while the garrison, throwing down their arms, fled down the steep bank, trying to hide behind trees or logs, or skulk in bushes, or find comparative safety in the river; while the Rebels
followed, butchering Black
, soldiers and non-combatants, men, women, and children, with no more discrimination than humanity.
Disabled men were made to stand up and be shot; others were burned with the tents wherein they had been nailed to the floor.
This carnival of murder continued till dark and was even renewed the next morning.
was not murdered till they had taken him as a prisoner several miles on their retreat to Mississippi
It was in vain that Forrest
and his superior, Lt.-Gen. S. D. Lee
, undertook to palliate this infernal atrocity, in defiance of their own record.
Apart from the general threats (hitherto cited) of the Rebel
that they would refuse to treat Black soldiers or their White
officers as prisoners of war, Forrest
, not three weeks before, had seen fit to summon Paducah
in these terms:
having, been killed, the precise terms in which he summoned Fort Pillow
do not appear ;2
's demand for the surrender of Columbus
, the next day after the massacre, was