23 taken from the Congress
and carried off by the gunboat Beaufort
on the 1st of April, arriving next day at Fortress Monroe
Of his army, 58,000 men and 100 guns were there before him, and nearly as many more on the way. Gen. Wool
's force, holding the Fortress, is not included in these numbers.
Gen. J. B. Magruder
, at Yorktown
, watched this ominous gathering in his front at the head of a Rebel force officially reported by limn at 11,000 in all: 6,000 being required to garrison Gloucester Point
, and Mulberry Island
; leaving but 5,000 available for the defense of a line of 13 miles. Gen. McClellan
says his information placed Magruder
's command at 15,000 to 20,000 men, aside from Gen. Huger
's force at Norfolk
, estimated by him at 20,000.
Feeling the importance of dealing decisively with Magruder
before he could be reenforced by Johnston
ordered an advance on the morning of the 4th; and, before evening of the next day, Gen. Heintzelman
, in front of Yorktown
, and Gen. Keyes
, before Winn's Mill,1
on the Warwick
, were brought to a halt by the fire of Rebel batteries.2 Gen. McClellan
had been misled with regard to the topography of the country as well as the number of his foes.
On his map, the Warwick
was traced as heading in or very near Skiff's creek, directly up the Peninsula
from its mouth, some six or eight miles west of Yorktown
; whereas it actually heads within a mile of that post, running diagonally and crookedly nearly across the Peninsula
, while it was in good part navigable by Rebel gunboats.
His false information regarding it was furnished, lie states, by Gen. Wool
's topographical engineers; though there must have been a hundred negroes about the. Fortress, each of whom could and gladly would have corrected it. Our ships of war — what the Merrimac
had left of them — were intently watching for