1st. That the Federal Union shall be preserved. 2d. That the Constitution and laws of the United States must be observed and obeyed. 3d. That the Rebellion must be suppressed by force of arms, and without compromise. 4th. That the rights of free speech, free press, and the habeas corpus, be held inviolate, save in districts where martial law has been proclaimed. 5th. That the Rebellion has destroyed Slavery, and the Federal Constitution should be amended to prohibit its reestablishment, and to secure to all men absolute equality before the law. 6th. That integrity and economy are demanded at all times in the administration of the Government; and that in time of war the want of them is criminal. 7th. That the right of asylum, except for crime and subject to law, is a recognized principle of American liberty; that any violation of it can not be overlooked, and must not go unrebuked. 8th. That the national policy known as the “ Monroe doctrine” has become a recognized principle; and that the establishment of an anti-republican Government on this continent by any foreign power can not be tolerated. 9th. That the gratitude and support of the nation are due to the faithful soldiers and the earnest leaders of the Union army and navy for their heroic achievements and deathless valor in defense of our imperiled country and of civil liberty. 10th. That the one-term policy for the Presidency, adopted by the people, is strengthened by the force of the existing crisis, and should be maintained by constitutional amendment. 11th. That the Constitution should be so amended that the President and Vice-President shall be elected by a direct vote of the people. 12th. That the question of the reconstruction of the rebellious States belongs to the people, through their representatives in Congress, and not to the Executive. 13th. That the confiscation of the lands of the rebels, and their distribution among the soldiers and actual settlers, is a measure of justice.Gen. Fremont, in his letter of acceptance, repudiated the sweeping policy of confiscation above indicated. Gen. Cochrane demurred to such confiscation, but remitted the question to the wisdom of Congress, when it should be called to act on the subject of Reconstruction. Ultimately, both candidates withdrew from the contest; convinced that title great mass of the popular vote must be divided between the “ Union” and the “ Democratic” tickets. The “ Union” National Convention assembled at Baltimore, Tuesday, June 7. Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, D. D., of Kentucky, was made temporary and lion. William Dennison, ex-Governor of Ohio, permanent President. All but the incontestably, persistently Rebel States were found to be represented. Hon. Preston King, of N. Y., from the Committee on Credentials, reported in favor of admitting all the delegates claiming seats, but those from South Carolina and the “ Conservative” Unionists from Missouri: the delegations from the Territories, from the District of Columbia, and from the States of Virginia, Tennessee, Louisiana, Florida, and Arkansas, not to be entitled to vote. Upon consideration, this report was overruled so far as to authorize-by a vote of 310 to 151-the delegates from Tennessee to vote; those from Louisiana and Arkansas were likewise authorized to vote, by 307 to 167. The delegates from Nebraska, Colorado, and Nevada, were then allowed also to vote; but not those from Virginia, Florida, and the remaining territories. Mr. Henry J. Raymond, of N. Y., reported the platform, which was
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