during the night,1
hurrying across Pearl river
, and burning the bridges behind him; retreating through Brandon
did not pursue in force beyond Brandon
; but, having thoroughly broken up the railroads for miles in every direction, and destroyed every thing in Jackson
that could be useful to the enemy, fell back by Clinton
across the Big Black.2 Johnston
reports his loss in Jackson
at 71 killed, 504 wounded, and about 25 missing; but adds “Desertions during the siege and on the march [retreat] were, I regret to say, frequent.”
Having perfected the occupation and insured the retention of Vicksburg
, Gen. Grant
an expedition, under Gen. F. J. Herron
, to move down the river to the aid of Gen. Banks
in the siege of Port Hudson
; but our men were scarcely on board when tidings of Gardner
's surrender caused the order to be countermanded, and Herron
directed to proceed instead up the Yazoo
This involved a debarkation and reembarkation on vessels of lighter draft; which being promptly effected, Herron
set forth on his new errand ;4
his transports preceded by the iron-clad De Kalb
and two “ tin-clad” [lightly and partially shielded] gunboats, under Captain Walker
The object of this expedition was the capture of a large fleet of steamboats, which had been run up this river for safety and use, and which had escaped Porter
's expedition by running far up one of the branches of the Yazoo
— a feat now incapable of repetition, by reason of the general drouth and consequent shallowness of those streams.
The 29th North Carolina, Col. Chrisman
, with a battery, holding Yazoo City
, decamped on the approach of our boats; but the De Kalb
was sunk by a torpedo when nearly opposite the city; while the coveted steamboats made off, and but one of them was captured.
's cavalry being sent after the fugitives, however, they were all--22 in number — burnt or sunk, either at this time or when Walker
was sent back by Corn.
to bring away the guns, &c., of the De Kalb
; so that the Yazoo
was thenceforth clear of Rebel vessels.
captured and brought away 300 prisoners, 6 heavy guns, 250 small arms, 800 horses, and 2,000 bales of Confederate cotton.
across, by order, from Yazoo City
, in support of Sherman
's advance to Jackson
; but countermarched immediately,6
on information of Johnston
's flight from Jackson
, and, reembarking, returned7
While the siege of Vicksburg
was in progress, Gen. Grant
, compelled to present a bold front at once to Pemberton
and to Johnston
, had necessarily drawn to himself nearly all the forces in his department, stripping his forts on the river above him so far as was consistent with their safety.
had thus been left in charge of Brig.-Gen. E. S. Dennis
, with barely 1,0618
effective, whereof the 23d Iowa,