's. The Richmond Enquirer
of the 23d (four days after the battle) says it has “authentic particulars” of the battle; and that “the ball was opened on Tuesday evening about 6 o'clock, by all of our available force, 60,000 strong, commanded by Gen. Robert E. Lee
And this seems to be the more probable aggregate.
, in his “Southern history of the War
,” says of this battle: “It was fought for half the day with 45,000 men on the Confederate
side; and for the remaining half with no more than an aggregate of 70,000 men.”
makes his entire loss in this battle 12,469: 2,010 killed, 9,416 wounded, and 1,043 missing; and says his army counted and buried “about 2,700” of the enemy, beside those buried by themselves: whence he estimates their total loss as “much greater” than ours.
As the Rebels
fought mainly on the defensive, under shelter of woods, and on ground commanded by their artillery, this might seem improbable.
(writing his report on the 6th of March following) is silent as to his losses, while the account of them given as complete in the official publication of “Reports of the Operations of the Army of Virginia, from June, 1862, to Dec. 13th, 1862,” is palpably and purposely an under-statement.
That account makes the total Rebel loss in the Maryland
battles only 10,291: viz., killed, 1,567; wounded, 8,724; and says nothing of missing; while McClellan
gives details of considerable captures on several occasions, and sums up as follows:
Thirteen guns, 39 colors, upward of 15,000 stand of small arms, and more than 6,000 prisoners, were the trophies which attest the success of our arms in the battles of South Mountain, Crampton's Gap, and Antietam.
Not a single gun or color was lost by our army during these battles.
And the reports of Lee
's corps or division commanders give the following aggregates:
D. H. Hill
| ||Killed.||Wounded.||Missing. ||Total.|
|D. H. Hill's||464 ||1,852||925||3,241|
|A. P. Hill's1 ||63||283||-- ||346|
reports 3,241 disabled, including 4 Colonels
, out of less than 5,000; and Lawton
's brigade lost 554 out of 1,150.
Among the Rebel
killed were Maj.-Gen. Starke
, of Miss.
, Brig.-Gens. L. O'B. Branch
, of N. C.
, and G. B. Anderson
; Cols. Douglass
's brigade), Liddell
, 11th Miss., Tew
, 2d N. C., Barnes
, 12th S. C., Mulligan
, 15th Ga., Barclay
, 23d do., and Smith
, 27th do. Among their wounded were Maj.-Gen. R. H. Anderson
, Brig.-Gens. Lawton
, of S. C.
, R. Toombs
, of Ga.
, of course, did not care to renew the battle on the morrow of such a day; and McClellan
, though reenforced that morning by about 14,000 men, stood still also.
He says he purposed to renew the combat the next morning;2
but, when his cavalry advance reached the river, they discovered that Lee
had quietly moved off across the Potomac
during the night, leaving us only his dead and some 2,000 of his desperately wounded.
having posted 8 batteries on the Virginia bluffs
of the Potomac
, supported by 600 infantry under Pendleton