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[411] their own lands, and clothed by what they could weave in their own looms, their cares must have been uniform, pressing, and material. Bound together in a common lot and a common danger, they must have been well acquainted with each other, and must have passed much time in friendly consultation for the common good. With these elements before us, it will be easy for every one to imagine what our earliest settlers could not do, and what they could ; and thus see their habits, actions, and hopes.

After these inferences from the taxes of Medford, during the first ten years of its history, we can proceed to gauge its growth in succeeding years by the same media.

“At a Court of Elections at Boston the 14th of the third month, 1645, the levy upon the towns of the Province was £ 616. 15s.; and Medford's amount was £ 7.”

There were three kinds of taxes,--province, county, and town. The first tax-bills of Massachusetts Colony, which were made out by counties, began October, 1659 ; and, in these, the tax of “Meadford” was far lower than that of any adjoining town.

In 1657, “Meadford” was taxed as one of the towns of the county of Middlesex, in a county levy, £ 3. 6s. 11d.; in 1658, £ 3. 3s. 1d.; in 1663, £ 4. 4s. 6d.; in 1670, £ 4. 12s.; in 1674, £ 4. 3s. 10d.; in 1676, £ 4. 1s. 10d. During these years, Cambridge was paying £ 40; Woburn, £ 25; Malden, £ 16; and Charlestown, £ 60. A county-tax of £ 1. 13s. 9d., levied on Meadford, Jan. 17, 1684, was paid by the inhabitants as follows:--

Capt. Jonathan Wade064
Capt. Nathaniel Wade043
John Hall033
Caleb Brooks0111
Thomas Willis037
Stephen Willis0110
Peter Tufts, jun.034
Stephen Francis0110
John Whitmore017
Gershom Swan015
Isaac Fox0011
John Bradshor008
Jonathan Tufts0010
Daniel Woodward008
Andrew Mitchell008
Roger Scott007
Edward Walker008
Jacob Chamberlain008
Joseph Baker008

The excess raised in this tax, over the sum required, was to pay the collector.

The valuation of live-stock, for rates in Medford, at this time, were the following: Oxen, four years and upwards, in

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