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The Kidder family was settled, for several centuries, at Maresfield, in the county of Sussex, some seventy miles from London. It is believed that the only persons now living of that name can be traced back to this common stock. In England, the most distinguished bearer of this name was Richard Kidder, Bishop of Bath and Wells. He was born in 1633, at East Grinstead, the birthplace of the American emigrant, whose kinsman he was. He was Rector of St. Martin's, London; Prebend of Norwich, 1681; Dean of Peterborough, 1689; and Bishop of Bath, 1691. He was killed, during the great gale of Nov. 27, 1703, by the fall of a chimney on the bishop's palace at Wells, which crushed him and his wife while at prayers. His daughter, Ann, died unmarried; and her only sister, Susanna, married Sir Richard Everard, one of the early governors of South Carolina, and has numerous descendants alive in that State.

The pedigree of the American branch, in the direct line, is: Richard Kidder (1) was living at Maresfield, 1492; his son, Richard (2), d. 1549, leaving eldest son, Richard (3), who d. 1563; m. Margaret----, who d. 1545. This Richard (3) had five sons, of whom John (4), the third, m. Margaret Norman, of Little Horsted, and d. 1599, leaving two sons and several daughters. John (5), oldest son of the last, baptized 1561, m. Joan Beorge, and died in 1616, leaving four sons. James (6), the youngest of these, b. 1595, was the father of James (7), b., 1626, at East Grinstead, who moved to New England, and married Anna Moore, of Camb., N. E., in 1649. This foregoing pedigree is condensed from one in the History of New Ipswich, prepared by Frederick Kidder, a co-editor of that work.

 7James Kidder resided first at a farm on the north side of Fresh Pond and Menotomy River, whence he removed to Shawshine, now Billerica. He had twelve children, of whom Samuel (8) was the youngest, who left children. He was b. Jan. 7, 1666; m. Sarah Griggs, Dec. 23, 1689, and lived near Porter's Hotel, in Camb., where the names of Kidder's Swamp and Kidder's Lane still preserve his memory. He was deacon of the church; and the inventory of his estate was £ 1,138. He had six children; the oldest was--
8-9Francis Kidder, of Medford, b. 1692; m. Mary Prentice, Feb. 13, 1718. He d. Jan. 21, 1724; and his widow m. Philip Cook in 1775. His children were--
 11Samuel, b. 1720.
9-11Samuel Kidder m., 1st, Mary Tompson, March 20, 1744, who d., aged 42, Mar. 30, 1766, leaving--
 11-14Samuel, b. Sept. 17, 1746.
 15Elizabeth, b. Dec, 6, 1750.
  He m., 2d, Joanna----, who d. Oct. 19, 1819, aged 79. He d. Mar. 6, 1777, and had--
 16Joanna, b. Oct. 19, 1770; d., unm., Apr. 6, 1811.
 17Rebecca, b. Sept. 11, 1772; m. Abijah Usher, Dec. 20, 1795.
 18Mary, b. Apr. 28, 1774.
 19James, b. Apr. 30, 1776.
11-14Samuel Kidder, jun., m. Mary Greenleaf, May 19, 1778, who d. Apr. 1, 1830, aged 78. He d. Dec. 16, 1821, leaving--
 14-20Mary, b. Apr. 1, 1779; m. Benjamin Abbot, of Andover.
 21Samuel, b. Sept. 4, 1781; m. Hannah P. Rogers.
 22William, b. Dec. 10, 1784; m. Charlotte Adams.
 23Thompson, b. Apr. 17, 1788; m. M. A. Cannell; d. July 5, 1840.
 24Francis, b. July 16, 1789; m. E. Blanchard; d. May 11, 1827.
 25Joseph, b. Apr. 30, 1791; m. N. J. Homer, and is still alive.
 26James, b. Nov. 1, 1793; d., Mar. 20, 1837, unm.
  Ephraim Kidder m. Rachel----, and had--

Hannah,b. Sept. 2, 1696.

  Mary Kidder m. Caleb Brooks, Jan. 1, 1767.
  Isaac Kidder of Woburn, m. Ann Goodwin, Nov. 25, 1775.
  Mary Kidder of Charlestown, d. Jan. 19, 1779.

Susanna Kidder d. Nov. 5, 1801, aged 19,ch. of Jas. and Susanna Kidder.
Charles Kidder d. June 13, 1802, aged 15,
Rebecca Kidder d. Oct. 23, 1814, aged 12,

 1KNOX, Moses, son of John and Nancy (Cochran) Knox, was b. in Pembroke, N. H., Aug. 4, 1812; m., May 23, 1839, Abigail, dau. of Edward S. and Persis Phipps Walker, of Charlestown; and has--
 1-2Joseph Henry, b. Aug. 27, 1842.
 3William Penn, b. Mar. 2, 1845.
 4Mary Adelaide, b. Feb. 11, 1849.
 5Moses Edwards, b. Mar. 5, 1855.

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