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Aug. 23, 1630.--“It was ordered that carpenters, joiners, bricklayers, sawyers, thatchers, shall not take above 2s. a day; nor any man shall give more, under pain of 10s. to taker and giver; and that sawers shall not take above 4s. 6d. the hundred for boards at six score the hundred, if they have their wood felled and squared for them; and not above 5s. 6d. if they fell and square their wood themselves.”

Feb. 7, 1632.--On this day, Governor Winthrop, Mr. Nowell, and others, crossed our ford in Medford, and traveller on an exploring expedition towards the north-east, and came “to a very great pond, having in the midst an island of about one acre, and very thick with trees of pine and beech; and the pond had divers small rocks standing up here and there in it, which they therefore called Spot Pond. They went all about it on the ice.”

1633.--Puritans: Neal says, “Hardly a vessel came into these ports but was crowded with passengers for New England.”

July 2, 1633.--“It is ordered that no person sell either wine or strong water without leave from the governor or deputy-governor; and no man shall give any strong water to any Indian.” 1638.--“Wine shall not be sold by innholders; but they may brew the beer they sell.”

Oct. 1, 1633.--Thanksgiving-day appointed by the General Court,--the first on record. It was as follows: “In regard to the many and extraordinary mercies which the Lord hath been pleased to vouchsafe of late to this plantation,--viz., a plentiful harvest, ships safely arrived with persons of special use and quality, &c.,--it is ordered that Wednesday, 16th of this present month, shall be kept as a day of public thanksgiving through the several plantations.”

1635.--A wharf, made by large trees laid crosswise, was built on the bank of Malden River, opposite the Wellington Farm; and a cartway led from it to the first house built in Medford.

March 28, 1636.--Governor Winthrop, writing to his son, says, “This morning, I went to Ten Hills with your mother and your wife, to have seen Goodman Bushnell. We are all in good health; and I praise God for it. Your wife and mother, and all of us, salute you and your good company. The Lord bless and prosper you. Farewell, my good son.”

Oct. 28, 1636.--“It is ordered that the freemen of every town shall, from time to time, as occasion shall require, agree amongst themselves about the prices and rates of any town, whether workmen, laborer, or servant.”

1636.--“Buying provisions and victuals to sell again is forbidden, unless leave be obtained of the governor.”

Nov. 20, 1637.--“Ordered that no person shall sell any cakes or buns, either in the markets, or victualling houses, or elsewhere, upon pain of 10s. fine; provided that this order shall not extend to such cakes as shall be made for any burial or marriage, or such like special occasion.”

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