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To judge accurately of taxes paid by our ancestors after 1710, it is needful to know the rate of depreciation in the “Province bills,” which were taken in payment for taxes. In 1710, one ounce of silver was equal to 8s. of these bills; in 1722, 14s.; in 1732, 19s.; in 1742, 28s.; and in 1752, 60s.

In July 20, 1720, the General Court ordered, that taxes might be paid in live-stock and merchandise, instead of money; and, from 1720 to 1750, live-stock in Medford was valued, on an average, as follows: Oxen, four years old, £ 2 each; horses, three years old, £ 2; bulls and cows, three years old, £ 1 10s.; swine, above one year old, 8s. each; sheep and goats, 3s. each.

In those towns which had vessels, a decked vessel was valued, for taxation, at £ 1. 10s. per ton; and undecked vessels [Medford lighters], at £ 1 per ton. Stock in trade was valued at one-quarter of its worth; male Indian and negro slaves, at £ 15 each; female, at £ 10.

To show a list of tax-payers in 1730, and their relative rates, the following town-tax for £ 50--the half-yearly pay of Rev. Ebenezer Turell--is inserted:--

 Heads.Real estate.Personal estate.
Captain Ebenezer Brooks090110099
Mr. John Bradshaw0600123039
Deacon John Whitmore030070013
John Richerson, Esq.0300820110
Captain Samuel Brooks0300188084
Captain Samuel Wade0600176030
Thomas Tufts, Esq.0000184047
Mr. Peter Seccombe0900140094
Mr. John Willis0300168067
Lieutenant Stephen Hall0300140034
Deacon Thomas Hall0300122028
Deacon Thomas Willis0600115019
Mr. Francis Whitmore0300144033
Mr. John Whitmore0600168040
Mr. William Patten0300510010
Mr. Jonathan Hall0300940211
Dr. Simon Tufts0300123035
Mr. William Willis0300114017
Mr. Benjamin Willis0300143059
Mr. John Albree03009110110
Mr. John Hall030078043
Mr. Andrew Hall0300820311
Mr. Thomas Oakes0600188020
Joseph Tufts0300156077
John Bradshaw, jun.060094021
Jonathan Bradshaw0300106020
Nathaniel Hall0300940011
Nathaniel Francis030096013
Stephen Francis030040004
Samuel Polly030041004
Benjamin Tufts0600510012
Aaron Blanchard030041014
Benjamin Weber030041004
Jonathan Weber030041004
William Benford030000012
John Atwood030000004
John Tufts060041000
Joseph Francis030013000
Stephen Greenleaf060044028
Richard Waite030094010
Jacob Polly030024009
Samuel Turner030039000
Oliver Atwood030019004
Joseph Weber030000000
Ebenezer Francis030000000
John Fossit030020005
Enoch Greenleaf060000004
John Stimson030000000
William Patten, jun.030041000
Ebenezer Brooks, jun.0300911000
Stephen Hall, jun.030083000
Robert Cresson030000000
Daniel Paine030000000
Jonathan Hall, jun.030000005
Thomas Phillebrown030041000
Samuel Bradshaw030017000
Stephen Bradshaw030000000
William Watsen030037005
Jonathan Watsen060049004
Thomas Dill030000000
Jonathan Polly030024004
Jonathan Tufts030000000
Stephen Patten030000000
Eliot Patten030000000
William Hall030000000
Edward Hall030000000
John Elder030024004
William Pelam030024004
William Waite030000000
Deacon Jacob Parker030024000
Thomas Graves030036013
Ebenezer Tufts060000000
Thomas Brooks030000000
John Fillebrown030000000
Richard Martin030041005
Jonathan Tomson030041004
Edward Oakes03001210031
Caleb Brooks030013000
Matthew Ellis000034058
Abner Harris000036005
Jonathan Tufts000039000
James Wright0000011000
James Tufts0000310000
Joseph Wright0000011000
William Symmes000012000
Joseph Damon000005000
Jonathan Dunster000048000
Henry Dunster000022000
David Dunster000048000
Jacob Wayman0000010000
Samuel Francis000040000
Samuel Page0000010000
Widow Mary Tufts000012000
John Francis06009110210
Benjamin Parker0300106007
Richard Sprague0600510010
Joseph Tomson060041004
Samuel Brooks, jun.030048037
Total, ninety-eight persons.

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William Willis (1)
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Joseph Weber (1)
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Mary Tufts (1)
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Joseph Tomson (1)
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Peter Seccombe (1)
John Richerson (1)
Samuel Polly (1)
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Thomas Phillebrown (1)
William Pelam (1)
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Jacob Parker (1)
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Daniel Paine (1)
Thomas Oakes (1)
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Stephen Bradshaw (1)
Samuel Bradshaw (1)
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Aaron Blanchard (1)
William Benford (1)
Oliver Atwood (1)
John Atwood (1)
John Albree (1)
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