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The expenses from Feb. 15, 1854, to Feb. 15, 1855, were as follows:--

Public schools$7,138.82
Street lamps192.27
Poor — alms-house3,571.86
Fire department2,046.04
Salaries and fees1,482.67
Miscellaneous expenses3,123.09
Notes payable and interest paid5,284.00
Amount of town and county taxes for 1854$28,726.40
Receipts and income2,284.43
Balance in treasury7,909.23
Town debt--185534,100.00

Medford a town.

Mr. Frothingham, in his excellent History of Charlestown, 1846 (p. 92), says:--“Medford was not a town: it was rather a manor, owned by one of the leading inhabitants of Charlestown.”

We shall very good-naturedly dissent from this statement, and show cause.

We have every reason to suppose that the town-officers in Medford were like those in the adjoining plantations. Our first records speak of Selectmen, sometimes called “Seven-men,” because these seven men acted as governors of the town, assessors, and referees. They were also called “Towns-men,”

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