it said: ‘Where lives the man who has more thoroughly proclaimed and vindicated the sentiment of the North
during the past winter than Charles Sumner
Even the ‘Atlas
,’ June 12, commended his ‘consistent and unwavering fidelity to freedom.’
The seizure of a fugitive slave in Boston
intensified the agitation in New England
While the Senate was engaged in the discussion of the bill, Anthony Burns
was arrested on the evening of May 24, on the claim of one Sutter
, a Virginian, and taken to the court house, where he was held by the United States marshal under an armed guard for a hearing before Edward G. Loring
, a commissioner.
On the evening of the 26th a body of citizens, leaving Faneuil Hall, where an immense meeting had been addressed by Wendell Phillips
, Theodore Parker
, F. W. Bird
, and John L. Swift
, proceeded to the court house, and endeavored to force an entrance.
The attempt at a rescue failed; but in the defence, Batchelder
, a truckman, one of the guards temporarily appointed by the marshal, was killed by a pistol-shot.
The commissioner held that the negro, who was defended by R. H. Dana, Jr.
, was the claimant's slave, and gave the order for his rendition,1
—which was speedily carried into effect by the marshal and his deputies, supported by United States
soldiers and marines, and aided by the city police and State militia acting under the mayor's orders, and in the guise of keeping the peace.2
The excitement in Boston
surpassed any known in its previous history.
Various circumstances conspired to this end. It was an unfamiliar spectacle, as the last fugitive-slave case was that of Sims
The repeal of the Missouri Compromise
had sundered the tie which bound conservatism to slavery, and arrayed the mass of good citizens against the further extension of slavery.
The spell of compromise had been broken, and the sentiment was widespread that there must be no more activity in executing the Fugitive Slave Act
. The time of the trial and