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1 It was said of him that he had ‘elevated the range and widened the scope of senatorial debate,’ and that ‘no man now living, within the List five years, had rendered the American people greater service or won for himself a nobler fame.’ New York Tribune, May 24, 1856.
2 New York Times. May 30. Springfield Republican, May 24. Two Southern newspapers, the Louisville Journal (quoted in the New York Tribune, June 3, 1856) and Minden (La.) ‘Herald.,’ treated Butler and Douglas as aggressors, and Sumner as acting in self-defence. (Ante, p. 444) note.) James Watson Webb in the ‘Courier and Enquirer,’ May 27, said that Sumner and other antislavery leaders had received ten times the amount of invective they had given in return. See also Boston ‘Atlas,’ May 24. A detailed list of the insults to which Sumner had been subjected, from his first speech on the slavery question, was given in the New York Tribune, June 3, and in Wilson's speech in the Senate, June 13. Congressional Globe, p. 1399; Sumner's works, vol. IV. pp. 281-301.
3 London ‘Star,’ June 21. the London Times, August 7, in referring to the speech as an alleged ‘provocation’ for violence, said: ‘The speech was elaborately strong, but not stronger than many delivered within the walls of our own Parliament during the discussion on the Reform and Emancipation bills.’ James W. Grimes said in a speech , at Burlington, Iowa: ‘His [Sumner's] speech fell short in invective of the philippics of Randolph, Calhoun, McDuffie, Hayne, Prentiss, and Henry A. Wise. It was diluted when compared to Webster's onslaught upon Charles J. Ingersoll.’ （Grimes's life, p. 80.) The style of debate. marked by threats and epithets, which the partisans of slavery in Congress had long practised, is treated in Sumner's speech on ‘The Barbarism of Slavery,’ June 4, 1860, Works, vol. v. pp. 85-99.
4 New York Tribune, May 21; J S. Pike in ‘Tribune,’ May 22. The correspondent of the New York Times, May 21, calls Sumner's retort ‘majestic, elegant, and crushing.’ Thomas H. Benton, meeting Sumner on the same or next day, said: ‘You had all three of them at once on the point of your spear.’
5 Some may be found in his Works, vol. IV. pp. 129-136. He received at this period as many as fifty letters a day.
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