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[46] paper notices, and intervened with public men in Washington1 and with his old acquaintance Conrad Robinson, to advance his claims in the competition for the statue of Washington, to be erected by the State of Virginia in Richmond. Crawford came to the country in the winter of 1849-1850, and passed some time at Richmond and Washington for the purpose of securing the commission. He was fortunate in his errand; and to none was he so grateful as to Sumner, whom he thanked for his ‘unceasing attention to everything concerning his success.’

Sumner wrote to Crawford, Feb. 9, 1850—

I give you joy in your great success. This engagement will advertise you to the whole country. It will occupy your time honorably, and draw business to you. Fortune has at last perched on your head. From this time forward there will be for you constant triumph.2

He wrote to George Sumner, February 18:—

This order definitely fixes Crawford's position in art. He had become uneasy, fretful, discontented, irresolute, and almost Ishmaelitish. He seemed to feel that he had been neglected, and was soured. All will be changed now. His genius is original and prolific, more so than that of any other American sculptor. . . . Our Athenoeum is now lodged in a new building, yet unfinished, while we are let in debt, and have not the means to finish it. My desire is that it shall be made a public library, on condition that the city shall finish the building and secure to it a permanent income for the purchase of books.3

Sumner was interested in improving the fortunes of Hawthorne, who was cultivating literature on narrow means, and in 1846 wrote to Mr. Bancroft, then Secretary of the Navy, urging this appointment to some federal office. the Salem custom house was all that was then assigned to the author of ‘The Scarlet Letter;’4 but Sumner, as senator, had the satisfaction, a few years later, of voting for his confirmation as consul at Liverpool, and writing him on the spot a note of congratulation ‘that fairly shouted as with a silver trumpet, it was so cordial and strong in joy.’5

1 He wrote Mr Winthrop, M. C., March 15, 1846. at length in favor of including Crawford's name in a resolution of Congress ordering an equestrian statue of Washington.

2 Sumner wrote a notice of the award of the commission to Crawford, which was published in the Boston Transcript, Feb. 11, 1850.

3 During his life Sumner relied chiefly on this library for books when he was in Boston. It was not converted into a public library.

4 Hawthorne, though a Democrat, rejoiced at Sumner's election as senator. Letter to Longfellow, May 18, 1851. Longfellow's ‘Life,’ vol. II. p. 195.

5 Nathaniel Hawthorne and his Wife. By Julian Hawthorne. Vol. II. p. 12.

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