agitation against slavery.
Capitalists were made to believe that the only hope of restoring the higher duties which had been reduced by the tariff of 1846 lay in submission to slaveholding demands.
There were, indeed, honest fears with conservative minds of what the South
might do in its madness; but material considerations inspired largely the harangues which insisted that the Compromise was essential to national peace and the Union
The mercantile and manufacturing interests, stronger in Boston
than elsewhere in the State
, with banking houses in State Street, counting-rooms in Milk Street, homes in Beacon Street or near by, and factories in Lowell
, rallied promptly to Webster
's support, bringing with them well-established journals of the city, and capitalists and politicians in all parts of the State
, who from social or financial connections naturally followed the lead of those interests.
's personal magnetism.
the authority of his name, pride in his career, the habit of deference to all he said, was a potent influence with many generous minds, swaying them against their natural instincts and their better sense.1
The Compromise was promptly approved in a public letter to him, signed by several hundreds of the most conspicuous citizens,2
—among them merchants like Eliot
, Fearing, Appleton
, and Hooper
; lawyers like Choate
, B. R. Curtis
, and G. T. Curtis
; physicians like Jackson
; scholars like Ticknor
, and Felton
; divines like Moses Stuart
and Leonard Woods.
Its passage was signalized by the firing of one hundred guns on the Common.
's partisans, such was their intensity of feeling, very soon obtained the mastery of the Whig
organization of the city, and compelled dissenters to submit to the nominations they dictated.
The proprietors of the ‘Atlas
’ opposed the Compromise while it was pending, but maintained disingenuously that the Whigs
were not responsible for it, and that they were the true antislavery party.
This journal had a following in the