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[178] was the ‘Atlas,’ a journal intensely partisan, the columns of which were almost exclusively given to politics, rarely containing any discussion of social questions, of foreign affairs, material enterprise, or scientific discovery,—topics which now so largely occupy a metropolitan journal. Its successive editors —Richard Haughton, William Hayden, Dr. Thomas M. Brewer, and William Schouler—were each true to the general spirit of the journal, regarding no institution so sacred as the Whig party, no men so deserving of invective and proscription as those who, having once borne its name, refused to submit to its authority. The last two named were at this period its managers. Schouler was by nature genial and kindly, and while an editor at Lowell was one of the antislavery Whigs who organized the opposition to the admission of Texas as a slave State. But he now yielded to the traditions of his journal and to the tone of the politicians who frequented his establishment. Instead of treating the seceders in a body, and assailing their positions, the ‘Atlas’ (the articles bearing the ear-marks of another than the editor) made every effort to give the controversy a personal direction, habitually naming the leading offenders, —Adams, Sumner, Allen, Wilson, Palfrey, Keyes, and Bird.1 Adams, for whom the most venomous shafts were reserved, was described in that journal as ‘a political huckster, who lives upon the reputation as well as the wealth of his ancestors, intense egoism being the characteristic of his appearance, and selfishness that of his action;’ Palfrey was a ‘Judas;’ Sumner, a ‘transcendental lawyer.’ Adams, Sumner, and Palfrey were styled ‘The Mutual Admiration Society,’ or ‘Charles Sumner & Co.,’ with ‘their headquarters on Court Street;’ and they were held up to public odium as ‘ambitious s and unscrupulous,’ and abounding in ‘inordinate self-esteem, pride of opinion, and cormorant appetite for office.’2 Altogether it was a disreputable

1 The Webster Whigs in 1850 became very bitter against Schouler because, his original and better instincts now prevailing over his political connections, he refused to support Webster's ‘compromise’ course; and in consequence he was obliged to leave the ‘Atlas’ in the spring of 1853, and later in the same year he assumed the charge of the Cincinnati Gazette.

2 See ‘Atlas’ in 1848 for February 10; June 19, 22; July 3, 8, 11; August 14, 15, 17, 19, 31; September 5. 7, 13; October 31; November 2, 11, 13, 20, 21; December 14. The same paper, Sept. 6. 1849. applied to Mr. Chase, afterwards chief-justice, the epithet of ‘Joseph Surface.’ In the issues of October 12, 13, 16, and November 2. Sumner was accused of attempting to mislead the people in holding the Whigs responsible for not resisting the admission of Texas as a slave State. To this charge he replied in a letter,—‘Atlas,’ October 16; ‘Advertiser,’ October 18. The ‘Advertiser,’ while refraining from the coarse epithets of the ‘Atlas,’ gave to its arguments against the new party a personal direction at Sumner and Adams,—September 21, 27; October 3, 13, 17, 28, 30. It belittled the slavery question, treated the alleged ‘slave-power’ as fictitious, and denied that the slaveholding interest was a dangerous power in the government,—August 11, and September 9, 11. The Whig newspaper outside of Boston which reflected most the spirit of the Boston press was the New Bedford Mercury. It applied then and later to Free Soilers the coarsest epithets,—to Giddings, for instance, ‘knave,’ ‘hypocrite,’ ‘bigot,’ ‘lying politician.’ The Lowell Courier was not far behind in this generous use of billingsgate.

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