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[226] Compromise measures. To his credit it should be mentioned that he voted against the Fugitive Slave bill, though putting his objections to it on too narrow grounds,—contending that it should provide a trial by jury for the alleged slave; and he set forth the unjust treatment of colored seamen in Southern ports. He voted for the Texas boundary bill when standing alone, but against it when united with a bill to establish a territorial government for New mexico. He admitted the payment to Texas to be ‘enormous,’ but hoped thereby to remove the only cloud on the peace of the country. The bill was carried by the lobbying of Texas scrip-holders,1—an influence, however, which did not affect the action of Winthrop or his colleague, John Davis, who voted with him. Winthrop took no stand against Webster, and expressed no sympathy with the demonstrations in Massachusetts to arrest the passage of the Compromise, or to condemn it afterwards. He remained in relations of personal sympathy with Webster, supplying the motto vera pro gratis for the speech of march 7,2 withdrawing his name as a rival for a seat in the Cabinet, and advising Webster's appointment in ‘the most friendly, open, and decided manner,’ and receiving the latter's commendation for the more friendly treatment he (Mr. Webster) had received from him than from ‘some New England Whig's.’3 The Whigs put Winthrop forward as their candidate for senator, and the Free Soilers accepted the issue, maintaining that his position and Webster's were in substantial identity.4 The Whigs outside of Boston made an effort to avoid the Compromise as an issue. The resolutions of their State convention, drawn by A. H. Bullock, of Worcester, abstained from approval and disapproval, though approving

1 Von Hoist, vol. III. p. 558; Giddings's ‘History of the Rebellion,’ pp. 327-332; Horace Mann's ‘Life,’ pp. 303, 324. Some Whigs, like Rockwell and Mann, both of Massachusetts, who had Free Soil sympathies, were in doubt on the Texas boundary question, and gave conflicting votes. (Giddings's ‘History of the Rebellion,’ p. 328; Mann's ‘Life,’ pp, 316-329.) Mann, who was well disposed towards Winthrop, thought he should have been more aggressive at this time against the Southern party. Writing September 15, he said: ‘They [the South] have never yet been properly answered. If some such man as Sumner were in the seat, he would turn the tables upon them.’ Mann's ‘Life,’ p. 330.

2 Curtis's Life of Webster, vol. II. p. 410 note.

3 Boston Advertiser, Nov. 2, 1852. Letter signed ‘R. C. W.’ Curtis's ‘Life of Webster,’ vol. II. p. 465 note. The letter to Mr. Haven there printed makes it probable that Mr. Webster indicated to Governor Briggs a preference for Mr. Winthrop as his successor.

4 Emancipator and Republican, August 1 and 29.

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