Xviii. The Chattanooga campaign.—Middle and East Tennessee.
- Morgan's raid through Kentucky into Indiana and Ohio -- he is surrounded, routed, and captured -- his imprisonment and escape -- Rosecrans advances from Murfreesboro by Shelbyville and Tullahoma, to the Tennessee at Bridgeport -- Bragg flanked out of Chattanooga -- Rosecrans eagerly pursues -- Bragg concentrates at Lafayette, and turns upon his pursuers -- Rosecrans concentrates on the Chickamauga -- desperate battle there -- Rosecrans, worsted, retreats to Chattanooga -- losses -- Rosecrans superseded -- Pegram's raid into Kentacky -- Saunders's into East Tennessee -- Barnside crosses the Cumberland mountains -- Knoxville liberated -- Burnside retakes Cumberland Gap, with 2,000 prisoners -- Longstreet impelled by Bragg against him -- Wolford struck at Philadelphia, Tenn. -- fight at Campbell's Station -- Burnside withdraws into Knoxville -- Longstreet besieges and assaults -- is repulsed with loss -- raises the Sie<*>e and retreats -- Grant relieves Rosecrans -- Hooker and Slocum hurried to the Tennessee -- Wheeler's and Roddy's raids -- Grant reaches Chattanooga -- Hooker crosses the Tennessee -- fight at Wauhatchie -- Sherman arrives from Vicksburg -- Grant impels attacks on Bragg by Granger, Hooker, and Sherman -- Hooker carries Lookout Mountain -- Bragg, on Mission Ridge, attacked from all sides and routed -- his bulletin -- Hooker pursues to Ringgold -- Cleburne checks him in a Gap in White Oak Ridge -- Sherman and Granger dispatched to Knoxville -- losses at Mission Ridge.
while Gen. Rosecrans, at Murfreesboroa, was accumulating wagons, munitions, and supplies, for a determined advance against Bragg's army confronting him at Shelbyville or Tullahoma, the noted and generally successful raider Morgan was preparing, on our right, for a more extensive and daring cavalry expedition than he had yet undertaken. Meantime, a party of predatory horsemen, about 80 in number, claiming to belong to the 2d Kentucky Confederate cavalry, crossed the Ohio from western Kentucky near Leavenworth, Ind., about the middle of June, raiding through Orange, Orleans, and Washington counties; and were trying to make their way back into Kentucky, when they were cornered1 by the Leavenworth home guards, Maj. Clendenin, and the steamboat Izetta, and were soon glad to surrender. Barely one of them escaped to the Kentucky shore, and he was immediately captured. At length, setting out2 from Sparta, Morgan crossed3 the Cumberland, then in flood, near Burkesville — building boats for his trains and swimming his horses — with a wellmounted force of 2,028 effectives and 4 guns; pushing back Col. Wolford's cavalry, who sought to impede his march, passing through4 Columbia, which was partially sacked by his subordinates, contrary to orders, and striking5 Green river at Tebb's bend; where 200 of the 25th Michigan, Col. O. H. Moore, had, wholly within the last 24 hours, intrenched themselves, formed abatis, &c., and prepared to stay. Morgan summoned them in due form, and was courteously informed by Moore that, on account of this being “the glorious Fourth,” he could n't entertain the proposition. Morgan, having two regiments at hand, forthwith assaulted; and a desperate fight of some hours ensued, wherein Col. Chenault, Maj. Brent, and several more of his best officers  were killed, and he was finally compelled to draw off, badly worsted. Moore had but 6 killed, 23 wounded. Morgan lost 25 killed and 20 wounded.6 Moving thence on Lebanon, which was held by Col. Hanson,7 20th Ky., with 400 of his men, Morgan summoned it at sunrise,8 and was refused. After spending seven hours in fruitless efforts to reduce it, he at length charged into the town, and set fire to the buildings whence