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[282] the Bay of Honduras, nor any consideration what-
chap. XII.} 1757.
ever, could move the Catholic monarch ‘to draw the sword in favor of heretics.’1

As spring opened, Frederic hastened to meet the

Austrian army in Bohemia. They retired, under the command of Charles of Lorraine, abandoning well stored magazines, and, in May, 1757, for the preservation of Prague, risked a battle under its walls. After terrible carnage, the victory remained with Frederic, who at once framed the most colossal design that ever entered the mind of a soldier,—to execute against Austria a series of measures like those against Saxony at Pirna, to besiege Prague and compel the army of Charles of Lorraine to surrender. But the cautious Daun, a man of high birth, esteemed by the empress
queen and beloved by the Catholic Church, pressed slowly forward to raise the siege. Dazzled by hope, Frederic, leaving a part of his army before Prague, went forth with the rest to attack the Austrian commander, and, on the eighteenth of June, attempted to storm his intrenchments on the heights of Colin. His brave battalions were repelled with disastrous loss. Left almost unattended, as he gazed at the spectacle, ‘Will you carry the battery alone’ demanded one of his lieutenants; on which, the hero rode calmly towards the left wing and ordered a retreat.

The refined, but feeble, August William, Prince of Prussia, had remained at Prague. ‘All men are children of one father;’ thus Frederic had once reproved his pride of birth; ‘all are members of one ’

1 Keene to Pitt, 26 Sept., 1757. Chat. Corr., i. 271.

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