previous next
[43] Saint Lawrence, as far as Detroit. On the southern
chap. II.} 1749.
banks of the Ohio, opposite the point of an island, and near the junction of a river, that officer buried, at the foot of a primeval red-oak, a plate of lead with the inscription, that, from the farthest ridge whence water trickled towards the Ohio, the country belonged to France; while the lilies of the Bourbons were nailed to a forest tree in token of possession.1 ‘I am going down the river,’ said he to Indians at Logstown, ‘to scourge home our children, the Miamis and the Wyandots;’ and he forbade all trading with the English. ‘The lands are ours,’ replied the Indians, and they claimed freedom of commerce. The French emissary proceeded to the towns of the Miamis, expelled the English traders, and by letter requested Hamilton, the governor of Pennsylvania, to prevent all farther intrusion. But the Indians brooded over the plates which he buried at the mouth of every remarkable creek. ‘We know,’ thus they murmured, ‘it is done to steal our country from us;’ and they resolved to ‘go to the Onondaga council’ for protection.2

On the northeast, the well informed La Galissoniere took advantage of the gentle and unsuspecting character of the Acadians themselves, and of the doubt that existed respecting occupancy and ancient titles. In 1710, when Port Royal, now Annapolis, was vacated, the fort near the mouth of the St. John's remained to France. The English had no settlement on that river; and though they had, on appeal to their tribunals, exercised some sort of jurisdiction, it

1 Procos Verbal, N. Y. Paris Doc. x. 9.

2 Croghan's Ms. Account of his Transactions, &c. &c.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)
hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
N. Y. Paris (1)
James Hamilton (1)
George Croghan (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
1749 AD (1)
1710 AD (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: