and crossed every gap in the mountain ranges,
discovered the path by Will's Creek
to the Ohio
Their stores of goods, in 1750, were carried no further than that creek.
There they were sold to traders, who, with rivals from Pennsylvania
, penetrated the West
as far as the Miamis.
To search out and discover the lands westward of ‘the Great Mountains
,’ the Ohio Company1
summoned the adventurous Christopher Gist
from his frontier home on the Yadkin
He was instructed to examine the Western
country as far as the Falls
of the Ohio
, to look for a large tract of good level land, to mark the passes in the mountains, to trace the courses of the rivers, to count the falls, to observe the strength and numbers of the Indian
On the last day of October,2
the bold messenger of civilization parted from the Potomac
He passed through snows over ‘the stony and broken land’ of the Alleghanies
; he halted among the twenty Delaware
families that composed Shanoppin's town on the southeast side of the Ohio
; swimming his horses across the river, he descended through the rich but narrow valley to Logstown.
‘You are come,’ said the jealous people, ‘to settle the Indians' lands: you never shall go home safe.’
Yet they respected him as a messenger from the English
From the Great Beaver Creek
he crossed to the Muskingum
, killing deer and wild turkeys.
On Elk's Eye Creek
he found a village of the Ottawas, friends to the French
The hundred families of Wyandots