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[47] said he, ‘to command and to be obeyed’;1 and he
chap. II.} 1749.
looked to the Board of Trade for further instructions.2

With the Micmac Indians, who, at the instigation of La Loutre,3 the missionary, united with other tribes to harass the infant settlements, the English governor dealt still more summarily. ‘The land on which you sleep is mine:’ such was the message of the implacable tribe;4 ‘I sprung out of it as the grass does; I was born on it from sire to son; it is mine forever.’ So the council at Halifax5 voted all the poor Red Men that dwelt in the peninsula6 to be ‘so many banditti, ruffians, or rebels;’ and by its authority Cornwallis, ‘to bring the rascals to reason,’7 offered for every one of them ‘taken or killed’ ten guineas, to be paid on producing the savage or ‘his scalp.’8 But the source of this disorder was the undefined state of possession between the European competitors for North America.

Meantime, La Galissoniere, having surrendered his government to the more pacific La Jonquiere, repaired to France, to be employed on the commission for adjusting the American boundaries. La Jonquiere, saw the imminent danger of a new war, and like Bedford would have shunned hostilities; but his instructions from the French ministry, although they did not require advances beyond the isthmus, compelled

1 Answer of the Governor in Council to the French Inhabitants, 7 September, 1749.

2 Cornwallis to the Board of Trade, 11 September, 1749.

3 ‘One Leutre, a French Priest.’ Board of Trade to Bedford, 16 October, 1749. ‘De Lutre, a priest.’ Cornwallis.

4 Micmac Indians to Governor Cornwallis, 23 September, 1749.

5 Resolutions of Council, Halifax, 1 October, 1749.

6 ‘These Micmacks include the Cape Sable, St. John's Island, Cape Breton and all inhabiting the peninsula.’ Cornwallis to the Board of Trade.

7 Cornwallis to the Board of Trade, 17 October, 1749.

8 Proclamation against the Micmac Indians, 2 October, 1749.

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