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[311] through the wilderness, pushed forward with one
chap. XIII.} 1758.
thousand men, and in five days threw up defences within seventeen miles of Fort Duquesne. On the fifteenth, Washington, who followed, was on Chestnut Ridge; on the seventeenth, at Bushy Run. ‘All,’ he reported, ‘are in fine spirits and anxious to go on.’ On the nineteenth, Washington left Armstrong to wait for the Highlanders, and, taking the lead, dispelled by his vigilance every ‘apprehension of the enemy's approach.’ When on the twenty-fourth, the general encamped his whole party among the hills of Turkey Creek within ten miles of Fort Duquesne, the disheartened garrison, then about five hundred in number, set fire to the fort in the night time, and by the light of its flames went down the Ohio. On Saturday, the twenty-fifth of November, the little army moved on in one body, and at evening the youthful hero could point out to Armstrong and the hardy provincials, who marched in front, to the Highlanders and Royal Americans, to Forbes himself, the meeting of the rivers; and the British flag was planted in triumph over the ruined bastions of the fortress. As the banners of England floated over the waters, the place, at the suggestion of Forbes, was with one voice called Pittsburg. It is the most enduring monument to William Pitt. America raised to his name statues that have been wrongfully broken, and granite piles, of which not one stone remains upon another; but, long as the Monongahela and the Alleghany shall flow to form the Ohio, long as the English tongue shall be the language of freedom in the boundless valley which their waters traverse, his name shall stand inscribed on the gateway of the West.

The twenty-sixth was observed as a day of public

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